There are not too many pure-bred, hypoallergenic dogs that we find in rescue, but there are definitely some dogs that will shed more than others. Here are ome answers to some common questions.
What does hypoallergenic mean? What exactly am I allergic to?
Dander is the excess from the coat, including scales of dried skin and hair, or feathers of various animals. It is often of an allergenic nature. It is similar to dandruff.
Hypoallergenic dog breeds are those that provoke fewer allergic reactions in allergy sufferers. There are various coat types that are said to produce fewer allergens: single-coated dogs, who do not have a thick undercoat; dogs whose coat continues to grow, like human hair, rather than shedding regularly; and hairless dogs. These breeds usually shed less dander and hair and are, therefore, considered hypoallergenic. However, even hairless dogs can produce enough dander to affect a highly allergic person.
One common misconception is that dogs whom are classified as hypoallergenic will not cause allergies. Hypoallergenic dogs still have dander, but just have significantly less dander.
What type of dogs are hypoallergenic?
- Afghan Hound
- Australian Terrier
- Bedlington Terrier
- Bichon Frise
- Border Terrier
- Bouvier des Flandres
- Cairn Terrier (may or may not be hypoallergenic- do more research before adopting one)
- Coton de Tulear
- German Shorthaired Pointer
- Irish Water Spaniel
- Italian Greyhound
- Kerry Blue Terrier
- Lhasa Apso
- Poodles (all sizes)
- Portuguese Water Dog
- Schnauzer (all sizes)
- Shih Tzu
- Silky Terrier
- Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier
- Spanish Water Dog
- Wheaton Terrier
- American Hairless Terrier
- Chinese Crested (hairless)
- Mexican Hairless Dog (Xoloitzcuintli)
- Peruvian Hairless Dog
How can I cut down on the shedding of my dog?
There are many things that you can do to cut down on the shedding of your dog.
- Have your pet groomed once a month. A professional grooming will reduce the shedding dramatically. Obviously, having your pet shaved will cut down on the amount of shedding.
- Brush your dog with a wire brush 3-4 times a week. Make grooming a fun time for you and your pet by offering treats for good behavior and give your pet special one on one time while grooming. They will see the brushing at time that they get attention instead of something that they dread.
- Invest in a quality air filter that uses a hepa-filter. Always be sure to change the filter when needed to get maximal effect.
- Homes with hardwood floors are best for allergies. Be sure to vacuum your home at least once a week (twice a week is ideal). Vacuums with hepa-filters are most effective.
- Do not allow your dog to sleep in your bed! Dander on your sheets can cause skin break-outs and aggravate allergies.
- Wash your pet’s bedding once a week
- Good nutrition will help your dog’s skin. Make sure you are feeding your dog a high quality dog food without a lot of filler.
- If your pet has particularly dry skin, try “3V Supplements” which is a combination of omega 3 fatty acids and Vitamin E for healthy skin.
- Many dogs shed when they are stressed out – providing your pet with a warm, soothing, and positive environment will help to cut down on their shedding.